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Taxonomy and ultrastructure of five naviculoid diatoms (class Bacillariophyceae) from the Rocky Mountains of Colorado (USA), with the description of a new genus and four new species

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Abstract:

The taxonomy and valve ultrastructure of five naviculoid diatoms from Colorado are considered. A population of Placoneis navicularis (syn. Navicula semen sensu Donkin) shows the size diminution series of this rarely reported taxon. Scanning electron microscopy of both the internal and external valve morphology suggests this species is quite different from both Placoneis and Navicula sensu stricto taxa and other known naviculoid genera. Based on these differences, a new genus, Rexlowea, is proposed to accommodate this taxon. In addition, the size diminution series and valve ultrastructure of four new species of Placoneis are considered. Each species is described and compared with other known members of the genus. Similarities and differences between these new species and other previously documented taxa are discussed. The range of morphological diversity currently assigned to Placoneis suggests that it is either a much larger genus than originally circumscribed or that it is becoming a place to assign species whose phylogenetic relationships may be distant.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1127/0029-5035/2010/0090-0195

Publication date: 2010-02-01

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  • Nova Hedwigia is an international journal publishing original, peer-reviewed papers on current issues of taxonomy, morphology, ultrastructure and ecology of all groups of cryptogamic plants, including cyanophytes/cyanobacteria and fungi. The half-tone plates in Nova Hedwigia are known for their high quality, which makes them especially suitable for the reproduction of photomicrographs and scanning and transmission electron micrographs.
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