An attempt at the palaeontological history of the European mudminnows (Pisces, Teleostei, Umbridae)
Umbrid fishes have been present in Europe since at least the Palaeocene with the rather primitive genus Boltyshya Sytchevskaya & Daniltschenko, from the Boltyshka basin of Ukraine. Boltyshia was followed during the Middle Eocene by another primitive genus, Palaeoesox Voigt, which was first described from the Geiseltal (Germany). In contrast to Boltyshia, Palaeoesox had a rather long stratigraphical range, as it survived at least until the Middle Miocene (Badenian) according to skeletal remains, and possibly to the Late Miocene (Pannonian) according to otoliths. On the other hand, genuine representatives of the Recent genus Umbra Walbaum are recorded from the latest Oligocene of Bohemia. Consequently, the temporal coexistence of two different umbrid genera – one rather primitive and the second one that includes the Recent European species Umbra krameri Walbaum – is documented in Europe during a period of at least 10 Ma.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-02-01
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