Fish otoliths are described from the middle Paleocene (Selandian) from temporary outcrops at Luzanivka, Cherkasy district, Central Ukraine. A total of 26 species are described, 15 as newly established and 5 in open nomenclature. This is the first record of Paleocene otoliths from the
Ukraine and the central Ukrainian Basin, which formed the most westward extension of the Caspian Basin during early Tertiary times. As a consequence the fauna from Luzanivka shows a considerable regional differentiation from the better known Paleocene otolith-based fish faunas of central and
western Europe, which is expressed in the high amount of new species. The location is on the fringes of the basin, on the stable Ukrainian shield south of the deep Dnjeper graben in a shallow, near shore environment with coral patches. The first fossil occurrence of a relative of the recent
'garden eels' is remarkable in this respect (Heteroconger astroblematicus n. sp.). Of particular interest from a phylogenetic point of view are certain gadiform otoliths (genus Merlucciidarum antiquus n. sp. and Maorigadus ukrainicus n. sp., the latter probably related
to the basal gadiform family Muraenolepididae) and very plesiomorphic percoid otoliths (genus Epigonidarum tyassminensis n. sp., genus Sparidarum spatiatus n. sp., genus Haemulidarum gullentopsi and genus Haemulidarum makarenkoi n. sp.). Further new taxa described
are: Chlorophthalmus udovichenkoi n. sp., Arius subtilis n. sp., Fierasferoides bucculentus n. sp., Gadophycis serratus n. sp., Ogilbia luzanensis n. sp., genus Bythitidarum rozenbergi n. sp., Centroberyx anguinicauda n. sp., genus Holocentridarum
ryabchuni n. sp. and genus Leiognathidarum tashlikensis n. sp.
Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie continuously publishes current original contributions from all fields of geology, ever since its foundation in 1807. All published contributions are in the English language.