The Žagubica Neogene represents a large intramontane basin in the east Serbian Carpatho-Balkanides. Plant remains were collected in four localities of the Žagubica Basin, all in the north to north-east, near the basin margin or from streambeds. The fossil flora were analyzed
taxonomically, palaeoecologically and stratigraphically. In the assemblage of the Žagubica Basin, species representing evergreen rain forests, especially Daphnogene, predominate. The fossil plant assemblage of the Žagubica reflects subtropical, humid vegetation. Due to
the uncertain palaeofaunistic data, the fossil flora is dated according to similarity with so-called "fixed" floras and other similar floras from Serbia. The age of sediments with plant remains is assumed to be the Ottnangian-Karpatian (Early Miocene).
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