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Genesis and composition of the Pleistocene Coralligène de plateau of the Cutro Terrace (Calabria, southern Italy)

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Some mid-Pleistocene carbonate build-ups from the marine terrace of Cutro show the uncommon, biologically-induced change of substrate that is implied in the definition of coralligène de plateau: from coarse, biogenic sediment to the solid framework. The build-ups grew over a basal rhodolithic layer mostly composed of Sporolithon ptychoides which was stabilized and transformed into a hard substrate by the binding activity and overgrowth of non-geniculate Corallinales (calcareous red algae). The build-ups are dominated by Titanoderma pustulatum, whose role in biogenic construction was previously underestimated, in association with Mesophyllum spp. and locally with Lithophyllum stictaeforme. Intergenicula of Amphiroa cryptarthrodia are common.
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Keywords: BIO-CONSTRUCTION; CALCAREOUS ALGAE; CORALLIGENOUS; CORALLINALES; HARD SUBSTRATE; PLEISTOCENE; RHODOLITHS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-05-01

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