Upper Miocene coralline red algal associations of central Crete (Greece): taxonomy and palaeoenvironmental implications

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Abstract:

Tortonian limestones of southern central Crete contain a diverse coralline red algal flora with abundant and , various species of and as well as species of and The application of neontologic and morphometric criteria to fossil taxa allowed for a semi-quantitative assessment and identification of red algal associations by means of cluster analysis. The associations reflect a temperature range typical for the temperate to tropical realms and a variety of depth intervals. It is therefore suggested that these associations can be used as a basis for palaeoenvironmental studies in Cenozoic sediments.

German
Tortone Kalkablagerungen des südlichen Zentralkretas enthalten eine diverse Rotalgenflora, wobei Spongites albanense and Titanoderma pustulatum neben verschiedenen Spezies von Mesophyllum und Lithothamnion besonders häufig sind und Lithophyllum und Sporolithon seltener vorkommen. Die Anwendung neontologischer und morphometrischer Merkmale erlaubte eine semiquantitative Beschreibung und Identifikation von Rotalgenassoziationen mit Hilfe einer Clusteranalyse. Diese Assoziationen reflektieren eine Spannbreite von Temperaturen, die typisch für temperierte bis tropische Gebiete sind, sowie verschiedene Tiefenintervalle innerhalb der photischen Zone. Sie haben daher ein großes Potential für palaeoökologische Studien tertiärer Sedimente.
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