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A multi-year study of radio-wave refractivity profiles above the Adriatic Sea up to an altitude of 40 km

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Radio-wave refractivity conditions in the atmosphere are determined by the vertical gradient of the refractive index, which can be computed from regular aerological balloon probe measurements. This study is focused on the refractivity conditions over the Adriatic Sea using a multiannual series of data from four aerological stations. According to the refractive profiles computed from the aerological probes, two models are proposed: a polynomial model for both the troposphere and the stratosphere up to an altitude of 40 km and a much simpler linear model for the stratosphere alone. By confirming a discontinuity in the refractive conditions between the troposphere and stratosphere, both models exhibited a good fit and superior characteristics over a range of heights from the surface up to 40 km compared with the widely used simple exponential model. New recommended regular refractive profiles can be used as a guide for any type of long-range radio system design.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2012-08-01

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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