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Climate and bioclimate analysis of Ondo State, Nigeria

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Most of the previous analyses of climate of Nigeria, particularly OndoState have been for agricultural use. They have little or no application for biometeorological purposes. This paper examines and analyse the climate of Ondo State, Nigeria with respect to biometeorological parameters based on air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, solar radiation and rainfall from 1998 to 2008. It assesses the previous methods of climatic analysis with respect to biometeorology. It then use complete heat budget model approach and RayMan model as analytical tool to calculate physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) in order to define thermo-physiological thresholds and classify biometeorological parameters in Ondo State. Detailed analysis of thermal comfort patterns indicate that there are marked spatial and seasonal variations in thermal comfort over the study area. The result shows three different grade of physiological stress over the two zones of Ondo State, that is the humid forest zone and derived savannah zone. The study recommends incorporation of atmospheric environmental parameters into health management systems of the country in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in health sector.

Die meisten bisherigen Analysen des nigerianischen Klimas, insbesondere für das Gebiet des Bundesstaates Ondo, hatten einen landwirtschaftlichen Schwerpunkt. Biometeorologische Fragestellungen fanden kaum oder überhaupt keine Anwendung. Diese Studie behandelt und untersucht das Klima des nigerianischen Bundesstaates Ondo im Hinblick auf biometeorologische Parameter, die auf der Lufttemperatur, relativen Feuchte, Windgeschwindigkeit, Globalstrahlung und dem Niederschlag des Zeitraumes 1998–2008 basieren. Bisherige Methoden klimatischer Analysen werden unter dem Aspekt der Biometeorologie beleuchtet. Unter Verwendung eines Energiebilanzmodells und dem RayMan-Modell als Analyseinstrument wird die Physiologisch-Äquivalente Temperatur (PET) berechnet, um thermo-physiologische Schwellenwerte zu definieren und biometeorologische Parameter im Bundesstaat Ondo zu klassifizieren. Die detaillierte Analyse der Muster thermischen Komforts deutet auf deutliche räumliche und saisonale Schwankungen im Untersuchungsgebiet hin. Im Ergebnis lassen sich drei Ausprägungen physiologischen Stresses in den zwei Zonen in Ondo, der Regenwaldzone und der anthropogenen Savanne, feststellen. Aufgrund der Ergebnisse der Studie wird die Einbindung meteorologischer Parameter in die Gesundheitsmanagementsysteme des Landes empfohlen, um die Milleniumsziele (Millennium Development Goals, MDG) im Gesundheitssektor zu erreichen.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 October 2011

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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