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Are there changes in Germany regarding the start of the pollen season, the season length and the pollen concentration of the most important allergenic pollens?

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Abstract:

For the regions Northwest, Northeast and Southern Germany we examined the main allergic pollen (Hazel, Alder, Birch, grasses and Mugwort) for trends on the basis of the pollen counts of the Pollen Information Service (PID) reference-stations. From these stations information about changes on the start of the pollen season, the season length and the total amount as well as the peak-concentration of pollen during the last years (1988–2009 for Northwest and Southern Germany and 1994–2009 for Northeast Germany) are examined. Possible trends are analysed by means of the Mann-Kendall test for their significance. The results demonstrate that the changes, regarding the start of the pollen season and the total pollen amount, are strongest in Southern and Northeast Germany. Data show for all regions that tree pollen becomes the significant allergen.

German
Anhand der Pollendaten der PID (Polleninformationsdienst) Referenzstationen wird für die wichtigsten allergenen Pollen (Hasel, Erle, Birke, Gräser und Beifuss) und für die Regionen Nordwest-, Nordost- und Süddeutschland untersucht, ob sich der Start der Pollensaison, die Saisonlänge und die Gesamt- sowie die Peak-Pollenkonzentration im Laufe der letzen Jahre (1988–2009 für Nordwest- und Süddeutschland und 1994–2009 für Nordostdeutschland) verändert haben. Mögliche Trends werden mit dem Mann-Kendall Test auf ihre Signifikanz überprüft. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass hinsichtlich des Starts des Pollenflugs und der Pollenmenge in Süddeutschland und Nordostdeutschland die stärksten Veränderungen eingetreten sind. In allen betrachteten Regionen wird deutlich, dass Allergien auf Baumpollen immer wichtiger werden, verglichen mit Allergien auf Gräserpollen.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2011/0297

Publication date: 2011-10-01

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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