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Free Content Conceiving Meteorology as the exact science of the atmosphere: Vilhelm Bjerknes's paper of 1904 as a milestone

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Abstract:

In January 1904 the Norwegian physicist Vilhelm Bjerknes published his seminal paper "Das Problem der Wettervorhersage, betrachtet von Standpunkt der Mechanik und Physik" in the Meteorologische Zeitschrift. Over seven pages Bjerknes developed the idea of a mathematical model of the atmosphere's dynamics based solely on physical and mechanical laws. Although his model was less practicable in those days, so that his concept was slow to find acceptance in the field of meteorology, we know today that the idea was revolutionary nonetheless.

German
In der Januar Ausgabe der Meteorologischen Zeitschrift von 1904 veröffentlichte der Norwegische Physiker Vilhelm Bjerknes einen Artikel über "Das Problem der Wettervorhersage, betrachtet von Standpunkt der Mechanik und Physik". Auf nur sieben Seiten entwickelte Bjerknes ein dynamisches Modell der Atmosphäre basierend auf physikalischen und mechanischen Gesetzen. Obwohl die Anwendbarkeit seines Konzepts Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts nicht gegeben war und es daher nur langsam Aufnahme in die Meteorologie fand, war seine Idee eines solchen Modells wegweisend.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2009/0415

Publication date: 2009-12-01

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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