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Free Content Comparison of 3D turbulence measurements using three staring wind lidars and a sonic anemometer

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Abstract:

The goals are to compare lidar volume averaged wind measurement with point measurement reference sensors and to demonstrate the feasibility of performing 3D turbulence measurements with lidars. For that purpose three pulsed lidars were used in staring mode, placed so that their beams crossed close to a 3D sonic anemometer mounted at 78 m above the ground. The results show generally very good correlation between the lidar and the sonic times series, except that the variance of the velocity measured by the lidar is attenuated due to spatial filtering. The amount of attenuation can however be predicted theoretically by use of a spectral tensor model of the atmospheric surface-layer turbulence.

German
Das Ziel ist es, volumengemittelte LiDAR-Windmessungen mit Punktmessungen von Referenzsensoren zu vergleichen sowie die Möglichkeit aufzuzeigen, 3D-Turbulenzmessungen mit LiDAR-Geräten durchzuführen. Zu diesem Zweck wurden drei gepulste LiDAR-Systeme mit fixer Blickrichtung so aufgestellt, dass ihre Strahlen nahe eines 3D-Ultraschall-Anemometers kreuzten, welches 78 m über Grund befestigt war. Die Ergebnisse zeigen im Allgemeinen sehr gute Korrelationen zwischen den Zeitreihen der LiDAR- und Ultraschall-Anemometer, allerdings wird die Streuung der vom LiDAR gemessenen Geschwindigkeit durch räumliches Filtern abgeschwächt. Der Grad der Abschwächung kann jedoch mittels eines spektralen Tensormodells, das die Turbulenz in der atmosphärischen Bodenschicht beschreibt, theoretisch vorausberechnet werden.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2009/0370

Publication date: 2009-04-01

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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