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Wind and turbulence in the urban boundary layer – analysis from acoustic remote sensing data and fit to analytical relations

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Mean seasonal profiles of wind speed, standard deviation of the vertical velocity and turbulence intensity from SODAR measurements in three cities of different size, Moscow, Hanover and Linz, are compared to analytical approximations for the Prandtl and Ekman layer. Typical urban features in the profiles and differences to measurements at rural sites are discussed. Typical urban features are a greater slope in the wind profiles, enhanced turbulence intensities, and a vertical increase in magnitude of the turbulence. The analytical approach proposed by ETLING (2002) for the description of the vertical wind profile in the whole boundary layer is amended in the Prandtl-layer part by a correction function for atmospheric stability. The amended profile description turns out to render the best results for the approximation of urban wind profiles within the lowest 500 m above ground.

Mittlere saisonale Profile der Windgeschwindigkeit, Standardabweichung der Vertikalgeschwindigkeit und der Turbulenzintensität aus SODAR-Messungen in drei unterschiedlich großen Städten, Moskau, Hannover und Linz, werden mit analytischen Annäherungen für die Prandtl- und die Ekman Schicht verglichen. Typische Eigenschaften für diese Profile in Städten sind eine stärkere Zunahme des Windgeschwindigkeitsprofils mit der Höhe, höhere Turbulenzintensitäten und die Zunahme der Turbulenz mit der Höhe. Der analytische Ansatz, welcher von ETLING (2002) für die Beschreibung des Windprofils in der gesamten Grenzschicht vorgeschlagen wird, wird in der Prandtl Schicht durch eine Korrekturfunktion zur Berücksichtigung der atmosphärischen Stabilität erweitert. Die erweiterte Profilbeschreibung ermöglicht die beste Annäherung an städtische Windprofile in den untersten 500 m über Grund.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2007-08-01

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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