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Boundary-layer anemometry by optical remote sensing for wind energy applications

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The effective use of wind energy requires precise wind speed measurements. However, there is a risk that existing in-situ techniques with cup anemometers mounted on masts will exceed mechanical and financial limits at future hub heights. Ground-based optical remote sensing methods that measure the vertical profile of wind speed up to several hundred metres height may be a solution to these problems. This review paper will discuss the basic principles of anemometry by remote sensing and will present some optical methods in more detail.

Die effiziente Erzeugung von Windenergie benötigt präzise Windmessungen. Die zur Zeit gebräuchliche Messtechnik mit Schalenkreuzanemometern wird jedoch bei zukünftigen Nabenhöhen an mechanische und finanzielle Grenzen stoßen. Bodengestützte optische Fernmessverfahren, die das Windprofil bis in einige hundert Meter Höhe messen, könnten eine Lösung für diese Probleme sein. Dieser Übersichtsartikel diskutiert die Grundprinzipien der Fernmessung des Windprofils und stellt einige optische Verfahren genauer vor.

Document Type: Review Article


Publication date: 2007-08-01

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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