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More examples of early 20th-century descriptions of teleconnection

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Abstract:

Some papers on the history of the study of teleconnections over the Atlantic Ocean and Europe have already been published (e.g. Loewe 1937, 1966; van Loon and Rogers, 1978; Wanner et al., 2001; Stephenson et al., 2003). The article presents more examples of the knowledge of the correlations between atmospheric pressure distributions over the North Atlantic and the character of winters in Europe, described in two studies published in 1914/1915 in Polish. Klein's (1915) book contains a passage about winter temperatures being made milder by "western sea winds" brought over Europe and connected with the combined influence of the "Icelandic minimum" and the "Azores maximum". On the other hand, Merecki (1914) in his "Climatology of the Polish Lands" points out that the atmospheric pressure in Ponta Delgada and Stykkisholm is connected with the thermal conditions of the winter months in Warsaw. These are two more studies which demonstrate a relatively early recognition of the relationship between the distribution of air pressure over the Atlantic and the character of winters in Europe.

German
Eine Reihe der die Forschungsgeschichte von Telekonnektionen über dem Nordatlantik und Europa betreffenden Aufsätze wurden veröffentlicht (Loewe 1937, 1966; van Loon and Rogers, 1978; Wanner et al., 2001; Stephenson et al., 2003). Im Artikel werden weitere Beispiele des Wissens über den Zusammenhang zwischen der Luftdruckverteilung über dem Nordatlantik mit dem Wintercharakter in Europa dargestellt, die in zwei in den Jahren 1914/1915 auf Polnisch veröffentlichten Aufsätzen beschrieben wurden. Das Buch von Klein (1915) beinhaltet einen Abschnitt über die ,,Milderung" der Wintertemperatur durch,, westliche Seewinde", die über Europa geführt und mit dem Einfluss des isländischen Minimums und des Azoren-Maximums verbunden sind. Merecki (1914) stellt dagegen im Buch ,,Klimatologie von Polen" dar, wie der Luftdruck in Ponta Delgada und Stykkisholm mit der Lufttemperatur von Wintermonaten in Warschau zusammenhängen. Das sind weitere Aufsätze, die relativ früh von den Abhängigkeiten zwischen der Luftdruckverteilung über dem Atlantik mit dem Wintercharakter in Europa berichten.

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0133

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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