AvioMEET inventory tool and its applications

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Abstract:

Increasing numbers of flights and still unknown effects of exhaust gasses on the high atmosphere have drawn much attention to air traffic and its emissions. That led to some work done in parallel while using different databases and methodologies which often lead to results that cannot be compared or matched. The COST 319 working group D2 – air traffic – has proposed minimum requirements for an harmonised approach to generate emission indices. This seems to be the only way to make results from different inventories comparable and exchangeable. Harmonisation work is going on under the umbrella of the Thematic Network AERONET. The Methodology used in the MEET project and presented here is based on a flexible design that allows adjusting it to the user requirements as well as to air traffic data and emission factors (easily) available. Based on the MEET methodology an MS-Access computer tool was created, called AvioMEET, which uses most of the Emission Indices published in the Emission Index Sheets of MEET/Deliverable 18. TRENDS finally uses all this more or less theoretical knowledge to apply it to existing traffic activity data to come up with a database of environmental indications for air transport.

German
Die immer größer werdende Anzahl an Flügen und die immer noch unbekannten Auswirkungen der Schadstoffe auf die Atmosphäre sind Anlass für zahlreiche Untersuchungen. Da die verschiedenen Forschungsinstitutionen dazu oft unterschiedliche Methoden und Datenbanken verwenden, werden manche Forschungen parallel betrieben, wobei die Ergebnisse aber nicht verglichen werden können. Die Arbeitsgruppe COST 319-D2-Flugverkehr hat ein Minimum an Anforderungen vorgeschlagen, um einen gemeinsamen Ansatz zur Erstellung von Emissionsindizes zu finden. Dies scheint der einzig mögliche Weg, um durch Vergleich und Kompatibilität der verschieden aufgebauten Datenbanken Ergebnisse zu erzielen. Basierend auf der MEET-Methode wurde das MS-Access-Programm AvioMEET entwickelt, welches die meisten der Emissions-Indizes verwendet, die in den Emission Index Sheets des MEET/Deliverable 18 veröffentlicht wurden. Methode und Emissions-Indizes werden mittlerweile zur systematischen Einschätzung von Umweltauswirkungen und zur Flugverkehrsplanung verwendet (UNECE; ANCAT). Letztendlich wird all dieses theoretische Wissen in TRENDS verwendet, um es auf bereits existierende Daten über Verkehrsaktivitäten anzuwenden, d. h zur Erstellung einer Datenbank für Umwelt-Auswirkungen des Verkehrs.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2005/0057

Publication date: August 1, 2005

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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