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Laser remote sensing of the planetary boundary layer

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Laser remote sensing techniques are new tools for experimental studies of the planetary boundary layer. Backscatter lidar can make use of differences in the aerosol distribution to characterize the layer structure and to reveal properties of the stratification. Differential absorption lidar can be used to retrieve profiles of important trace gases, in particular water vapor. Doppler lidar using heterodyne detection can be employed to retrieve important components of the turbulent wind field. High temporal and vertical resolution in combination with continuous measurement capability allow to study major characteristics of boundary layer processes. These techniques are briefly discussed, and examples of measurements from field campaigns are provided to illustrate the capabilities.

Neuere Methoden der Laser-Fernerkundung sind wertvolles Werkzeug zur Untersuchung der atmosphärischen Grenzschicht. Das Rückstreulidar nutzt Unterschiede in der Aerosolverteilung zur Charakterisierung der Schichtstruktur und zur Bestimmung von Schichtungseigenschaften. Die Methode des Differential Absorption Lidar wird zur Messung vertikaler Profile von wichtigen Spurengasen angewandt, z.B. für Wasserdampf. Doppler Lidar mit Heterodyn-Nachweis liefert Messungen von Komponenten des turbulenten Windfeldes. Die hohe zeitliche und vertikale Auflösung in Kombination mit der Möglichkeit zur kontinuierlichen Messung ermöglicht die Untersuchung wichtiger Grenzschichtprozesse. Diese Methoden werden kurz vorgestellt, Messbeispiele aus Feldexperimenten zeigen die Möglichkeiten dieser Untersuchungsmethoden auf.


Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2002/0011-0233

Publication date: July 1, 2002

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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