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River benthic diatoms are routinely used to monitor water quality in rivers throughout Europe. Many diatom indices have been developed to monitor a single water quality variable such as phosphorus concentration, or organic pollution, and there is a need to develop diatom monitoring
methods for the Water Framework Directive (WFD) which can monitor and quantify a range of environmental variables. The identification of benthic diatom assemblages, or biotypes, is an alternative method that may allow monitoring of ecological status throughout European rivers. Multivariate
analysis showed that diatom species composition corresponded most strongly to altitude, temperature, pH and conductivity, while nutrient variables were of secondary importance. To assess the use of biotypes as indicators of eutrophic status benthic diatom samples collected from five European
countries were grouped on the basis of their species composition using TWINSPAN. Eight diatom biotypes, some with two subgroups, were identified. Canonical Correspondence Analysis was used to investigate the relationship between these diatom groupings and nutrient concentrations, with and
without the effects related to altitude and pH. A number of communities which may act as indicators of eutrophication were identified, though issues arose concerning the identification of these communities and the lack of sample sites from a range of altitudes, pH and conductivities. Finally
the use of such diatom based methods to set river quality boundaries and monitor trophic status for the WFD is considered in light of their predictive strength, practicability in application and international differences in river monitoring standards.
Fundamental and Applied Limnology is an international journal for freshwater research in the widest sense, including problems of marine biology and brackish water research. Papers dealing with ecological topics are especially welcome in association with experimental or physiological studies. All papers published in this journal are subject to peer review.
Archiv für Hydrobiologie, now Fundamental and Applied Limnology has been published continuously since 1906.
Volumes prior to vol. 168 were published under the previous title Archiv für Hydrobiologie.