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Risk-taking and Impulsive Behaviors: a Comparative Assessment of Three Tasks

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Abstract:

We examined the reliability of, and relationships among, the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), the Delay Discounting Task (DDT), and the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), with a group of healthy Chinese young adults. The BART and the DDT showed moderate to high test-retest reliability across 3 test sessions conducted at 2-weekly intervals. However, the IGT showed low reliability for session 1 but high reliability for sessions 2 and 3. Between tasks, there were significant correlations only for the BART and the IGT and only for session 2 and session 3. These findings support the view that impulsivity is a complex construct with no single personality trait underlying the disposition for impulsive behaviors.

Keywords: BALLOON ANALOGUE RISK TASK; DECISION MAKING; DELAY DISCOUNTING TASK; IMPULSIVITY; IOWA GAMBLING TASK; RISK TAKING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2013.41.3.477

Publication date: 2013-04-01

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