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Analyzing Peer Pressure and Self-Efficacy Expectations Among Adolescents

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Abstract:

The relationship between levels of peer pressure and self-efficacy expectations among adolescents was examined. The data were obtained from 546 high school students using the Self-efficacy Expectation Scale, developed by Muris (2001) and adapted into Turkish by Celikkaleli, G├╝ndogdu, and Kıran-Esen (2006), and the Peer Pressure Scale (Kıran-Esen, 2003b). Although the findings showed significantly negative relationships between peer pressure and general and academic self-efficacy expectations in these adolescents, no relationships were found between peer pressure and social and emotional self-efficacy expectations. Moreover, general and academic self-efficacy expectations were higher in adolescents who were experiencing low levels of peer pressure than in adolescents with moderate and high levels of general and academic self-efficacy. However, no significant differences were observed in terms of social and emotional self-efficacy expectations.

Keywords: ACADEMIC SELF-EFFICACY; ADOLESCENTS; EMOTIONAL SELF-EFFICACY; PEER PRESSURE; SOCIAL SELF-EFFICACY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2012.40.8.1301

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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