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Further Evidence of the Impact of Cognitive Complexity on the Five-Factor Model

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Abstract:

According to the five-factor model (FFM) of personality the same 5 factors are universal across all individuals. However, recent evidence suggests that this assumption may be incorrect (Bowler, Bowler, & Phillips, 2009). In this study we sought to further examine the impact of cognitive complexity on the FFM by evaluating its impact on the factor structure of Saucier's (1994) Mini-Markers. Overall, our results support the findings of Bowler et al. (2009). Individuals with below average levels of cognitive complexity display personalities that are best described by a 3-factor model and individuals with above average levels of cognitive complexity display personalities that are best described by a 6- rather than a 7-factor model. Implications of the appropriateness of the FFM are discussed.

Keywords: COGNITIVE COMPLEXITY; FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY; PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2012.40.7.1083

Publication date: August 1, 2012

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