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How Cooperativeness and Competitiveness Influence Student Burnout: The Moderating Effect of Neuroticism

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Abstract:

We examined how being cooperative and competitive influence student burnout (i. e., students' exhaustion, cynicism, and diminished professional efficacy) and the moderating role of neuroticism. First- and second-year university students (N = 257) completed the measures of cooperativeness, competitiveness, neuroticism, and student burnout. Results show that cooperativeness had a negative correlation with each of the dimensions of burnout. Competitiveness did not have a negative correlation. For an individual with high neuroticism, cooperativeness did not contribute to professional efficacy but competitiveness tended to counteract any diminishing professional efficacy.

Keywords: COMPETITIVENESS; COOPERATIVENESS; NEUROTICISM; STUDENT BURNOUT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2012.40.5.805

Publication date: June 1, 2012

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