Causal Attributions of Workplace Gender Equality, Just World Belief, and the Self/Other Distinction

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Abstract:

We conducted 2 surveys in Istanbul, Turkey, to investigate the moderating effects of belief in a just world (BJW) on the links between perceived gender equality and causal attributions in the workplace with 2 samples of bank employees from varying hierarchical positions (M age = 30). Results from a unidimensional BJW scale (Dalbert & Yamauchi, 1994) used in Study 1 (N = 136) showed a negative relationship between perceived gender equality and internal causal attributions only for high BJW scores. Results from a bidimensional scale measuring BJW for self and for others (Lipkus, Dalbert, & Siegler, 1996) used in Study 2 (N = 168) replicated this pattern for BJW both for self and for others. However, only BJW for others, which was found to be linked to social discrimination indices, moderated the negative relationship between perceived gender equality and external attributions. These findings support the relevance of the bidimensional conception of BJW and the predictions related to causal attribution theory and the just world hypothesis.

Keywords: BELIEF IN A JUST WORLD; CAUSAL ATTRIBUTION; SELF/OTHER DISTINCTION; WORKPLACE GENDER EQUALITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2012.40.3.433

Publication date: April 1, 2012

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