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Lacking Control: Situation Valence, Effects of Perceived Control, and Illusory Pattern Perception

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Abstract:

We conducted 2 experiments in which we tested whether situation valence moderates the psychological consequences of lacking control. Participants who lacked control in negative circumstances were more likely to perceive illusory patterns. However, participants who lacked control in positive circumstances saw many fewer images compared to those in the full-control condition. Our results indicated that situation valence is an effective moderator of the psychological consequences of lacking control.

Keywords: ILLUSORY PATTERN PERCEPTION; LACKING CONTROL; NEED FOR STRUCTURE; SITUATION VALENCE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.10.1413

Publication date: November 1, 2011

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