The relationship between relationship conflict and knowledge sharing (KS), and the moderating effects of reward and reputation on this relationship were investigated. A survey was administered to 170 full-time employees in China and results indicated that relationship conflict has a
negative effect on KS. This relationship was moderated by reward and reputation such that the negative effect of relationship conflict on KS was found to be weaker when reward is high compared to when it is low, and the negative effect of relationship conflict on KS was found to be weaker
when reputation is high compared to when it is low. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.