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The Influence of School Relationships on Anxiety and Depression Among Chinese Adolescents Whose Parents are Absent

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Abstract:

We examined the influence of school interpersonal relationships and parental absence on adolescents' anxiety and depression levels. The Chinese version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, Vagg, & Jacobs, 1983) and the Children's Depression Inventory (Kovacs, 1992) were used to measure the anxiety and depression of 950 students, aged 13-17, of whom 456 were adolescents with absent parents. Adolescents whose parents were absent had ambivalent relationships with teachers and their relationships with classmates were also ambivalent, but to a lesser degree. Moreover, the disharmonious relationships with teachers and classmates caused them to be more anxious and depressed than were their peers.

Keywords: ADOLESCENTS; ANXIETY; DEPRESSION; PARENTAL ABSENCE; SCHOOL INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.3.289

Publication date: April 1, 2011

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