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Children who work in the street in Izmir, Turkey

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Abstract:

Using Izmir, Turkey as a case study the risk factors leading children to work in the streets were identified. Participants in the study were 226 children working in the streets, average age 10.35±2.21 who worked 6.8±2.11 hours per day. The great majority of the children were boys (90.2%), 77.9% were of primary school age; two-thirds of the children were working to provide an economic contribution to the family; 86.6% were from a large family; 78.8% were from a family that migrated to a big city. Almost all did not find working in the street safe; and nearly half were not hopeful about the future. It was established that frequent problems in the children's families include poverty, unemployment, poor education, having a large family, poor family functioning, migration, limited possibilities of shelter, and domestic violence, including the beating of wives and children. Although nearly all the children still lived with their families, a small percentage of the children (5.8%) had begun living permanently on the streets and then cut ties with their families. A significant relationship was found between living on the streets and the age of the child, the father's education, and the father's use of alcohol.

Keywords: CHILDREN LIVING ON THE STREET; CHILDREN WORKING ON THE STREET; MIGRATION; POVERTY; UNEMPLOYMENT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.1.129

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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