Individual Differences in Undergraduate Student Athletes: The Roles of Perfectionism and Trait Anxiety on Perception of Procrastination Behavior

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The purpose in this study was to examine how undergraduate student athletes organized different explanations relating to behavioral procrastination into a hierarchy. Participants (N = 201) completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, Vagg, & Jacobs, 1983) and the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Hewitt & Flett, 1991) personality questionnaires. Two groups (low and high trait-anxious and perfectionist) were created from the lower and upper third responses. These participants read 6 vignettes describing different explanations of athletes' behavioral procrastination and 2 control vignettes (nonprocrastinator and reveler drinker), and rated them. The 2 groups both placed the nonprocrastinator vignette in the first position, but rated differently the behavioral self-handicap of reveller drinker and perfectionism with high standards vignettes. Maladaptive aspects of perfectionism associated with procrastination are discussed.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 2010

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