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A Comparison Between the Effect of Emotional Certainty and Uncertainty on Coping Strategies

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Abstract:

It was proposed that any emotion associated with a feeling of certainty would promote problem-focused coping, whereas any emotion associated with a feeling of uncertainty would lead to more emotion-focused coping. An experiment with 180 undergraduate students and based on appraisal questionnaires (Smith & Ellsworth, 1985) provided confirmation for the proposal by showing that participants in emotional states of uncertainty were more favorably disposed towards problem-focused coping than they were in states of emotional certainty; whereas participants in states of emotional certainty engaged in more emotion-focused coping than in states of uncertainty emotional in a judgment context.

Keywords: CERTAINTY; COGNITIVE APPRAISAL; COPING STRATEGY; JUDGMENT; UNCERTAINTY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2010-38.1.53

Publication date: January 1, 2010

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