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Perceptions of soccer players about leadership powers according to their level of play

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The purpose of this study was to analyze the perceptions of soccer players about leadership powers according to their level of play. Data were collected from 781 male amateur and professional soccer players operating at a number of different levels of competitive play. A modified Turkish version of the Power in Sport Questionnaire-Other/PSQ-O (Wann, Metcalf, Brewer, & Whiteside, 2000), was used together with an information form. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences related to Coercive Power and Expert Power, but no significant differences regarding Referent Power and Legitimate Power. Results indicated that 14-15 year olds were found to be a very critical age group in relation to perceptions of CP and EP in soccer.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2009-05-01

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