Depressive symptom profile of Turkish students experiencing back pain
Abstract:The aim in this study was to determine the relationship between depressive symptom frequency and back pain in students. Analysis was made of 250 vocational college students. The Zung Depression Inventory (ZDI; Zung, 1965), the Visual Analog Scale (VAS; Price, McGrath, Rafii, & Buckingham, 1983) and the Aberdeen Low Back Pain Scale (Ruta, Garratt, Wardlaw, & Russell, 1994) were used to determine depressive symptoms and back pain. The probability of depression scores of 50 or more was 1.8 times greater for those who were not interested in any sports than for those interested in amateur sports. There was a positive correlation between severity of the pain, general pain, neck pain, back pain, low back or upper back pain, low back pain, and the ZDI scores of the students. Negative correlations were found between age, BMI and ZDI scores.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2009
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