INTERRELATIONS OF GENDER SCHEMAS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS: ATTITUDES, PREFERENCES, AND SELF-PERCEPTIONS

Authors: Signorella, Margaret L.; Frieze, Irene Hanson

Source: Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 36, Number 7, 2008 , pp. 941-954(14)

Publisher: Scientific Journal Publishers

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Abstract:

To test developmental aspects of gender schema theories, girls in grades 2 to 12 were given measures of gender role attitudes, self-perceptions on gender related traits, reported participation in gender related activities, preferred occupation, and adult family preferences. Both children's and adolescents' results showed a multifactor structure. Children's results differed from adolescents' in that children had more measures showing significant age trends, with a general pattern of decreasing stereotyping with age. Children also had stronger associations among diverse measures than did adolescents. Results were consistent with both multifactorial and cognitive-developmental approaches to the development of gender schemas, and provided limited support for adolescent gender intensification hypotheses.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2008.36.7.941

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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