DETERMINANTS OF SELF-HANDICAPPING STRATEGIES IN SPORT AND THEIR EFFECTS ON ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to examine self-efficacy and self-esteem as predictors of claimed and behavioral self-handicapping, and to compare the relationship between behavioral and claimed self-handicaps and athletic performance. A total of 31 basketball players participated in the study. Claimed self-handicaps were significantly negatively correlated with selfesteem whereas behavioral self-handicapping was significantly negatively correlated with self-efficacy. Performance was negatively correlated with behavioral self-handicapping, but was not correlated with claimed self-handicapping. These findings reinforce the conceptual distinction between claimed and behavioral self-handicaps by demonstrating that the two strategies are indeed related to different factors and that they have different consequences for performance.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2008.36.3.391

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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