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ACADEMIC ATTRIBUTIONAL STYLE, SELF-EFFICACY AND GENDER: A CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARISON

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Abstract:

The relationships between academic attributional style (AAS), self-efficacy, gender and culture were investigated in this study. Three research questions “Is AAS influenced by self-efficacy, gender and culture?”, “Does AAS operate in the same way in two different cultures?”, and “How do AAS dimensions (internality, stability, globality) vary?” were examined with a sample of 261 university students studying in Turkey and Britain. Regression results showed that gender and culture were separately significant predictors of pessimistic AAS. However, self-efficacy did not add significantly to the prediction of AAS. Regarding AAS dimensions, MANOVA revealed a significant main effect of culture, suggesting that British students have more pessimistic attributional styles characterized by the internality dimension in explanations of negative events. Suggestions for future studies are discussed.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2008.36.1.97

Publication date: 2008-01-01

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