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ILLNESS TRANSMISSION MODE AND PERCEIVER PERSONALITY: FACTORS AFFECTING STIGMATIZED PERCEPTIONS OF PATIENTS AND SEXUAL ILLNESS

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Abstract:

Past field research has demonstrated the devastating impact of illness stigma on patient populations; experimental studies have identified specific illness characteristics that influence stigmatization and social rejection of patients. The current study used a quasi-experimental design to investigate the influence of participant erotophobia-erotophilia (Fisher, Byrne, & White, 1983) and illness transmission (nonsexual, sexual) on perceptions of illness and patients. Sexual illness transmission led to significantly more negative perceptions of the illness and patient. A significant Erotophobia-Erotophilia x Nonsexual-Sexual Transmission interaction influenced participants' social rejection of the patient. Specifically, erotophobes socially rejected patients with the sexually transmitted illness more than patients with the nonsexual illness.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2007.35.6.853

Publication date: 2007-01-01

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