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SELF-EFFICACY AND HEALTH PROMOTION BEHAVIORS OF OLDER ADULTS IN IRAN

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Abstract:

Increasing healthy behaviors is the major challenge facing health professionals and populations globally. The purpose of this study was to ascertain if a relationship exists between selfefficacy and health promotion behaviors in a sample of older Iranian adults. The organizing framework for the study was Pender's revised Health Promotion Model (Pender, 1996). The study participants were 102 community-dwelling old people residing in Yazd district. The results supported Pender's Health Promotion Model in which self-efficacy accounted for 58% of variance in health promotion behaviors. Health promotion behaviors were found to be correlated with level of education. Additionally, there were associations between self-efficacy and gender, marital status, and level of education. It was concluded that interventions aimed at improving self-efficacy may improve health promotion behaviors of older adults.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2006.34.7.759

Publication date: 2006-01-01

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