SELF-DISCREPANCIES AND NEGATIVE AFFECT: THE MODERATING ROLES OF PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS

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Abstract:

Although distinct self-discrepancies are theoretically associated with distinct emotional states, empirical support has been inconsistent. This study explored the moderating impact of selfconsciousness on the relationship between self-discrepancies and emotion. Discrepancies must not only exist, but must also be accessed to have their presumed consequences. Thus, individuals dispositionally prone to focus attention upon the self should evidence a stronger relationship between specific self-discrepancies and theorized emotions. Participants were assessed on self-discrepancies, on private and public self-consciousness, and on levels of negative affect. Correlations between specific self-discrepancies and theorized emotions were significantly stronger among individuals scoring higher on private self-consciousness. However, the degree to which discrepancies evoke distinct emotions was called into question. Finally, public self-consciousness was not found to play a moderating role.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2006.34.4.333

Publication date: January 1, 2006

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