Criminal justice studies have examined the significance of factors on punishment likelihoods for offenders. However, these studies typically emphasize imprisonment and probation. With the growing concern for victim's rights, the criminal justice system has included the option of
victim restitution. Researchers, however, have not examined the significance of factors for the likelihood of victim restitution. The present study explores differences in punishment likelihoods through social psychology — more specifically, affect control theory. Participants, after
reading a presentence report, answer questions regarding the offender, the victim and the crime. Results demonstrate a difference in factors depending on the type of punishment, thus raising issues concerning the distinction between victim restitution and other punishments. The significance
of social psychology and affect control theory is emphasized.