PERSONALITY TRAITS AND QUALITY OF RELATIONSHIPS AS PREDICTORS OF FUTURE LONELINESS AMONG AMERICAN COLLEGE STUDENTS

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Abstract:

This prospective study evaluated the impact of specific personality traits and quality of close relationships on subsequent loneliness in a college student sample. One hundred and eighty students from a liberal arts university in Northern Wisconsin completed self-report measures of shyness, optimism, social support and loneliness, and returned six weeks later to complete the same measures. Results of a hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that lower levels of optimism and social support at Tune 1 predicted increases in loneliness at Time 2. In addition, participants who were shy and unsupported at Time 1 reported higher levels of subsequent loneliness compared to other students. Findings are discussed regarding their relevance to the identification of factors that increase risk for loneliness, and interventions that may lower this risk.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2000.28.5.463

Publication date: January 1, 2000

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