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EFFECTS OF SELF-EFFICACY AND SOCIAL SUPPORT ON THE MENTAL HEALTH CONDITIONS OF MUTUAL-AID ORGANIZATION MEMBERS

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Abstract:

The present study examined the effects of self-efficacy and social support on the mental health of 65 members of a mutual-aid organization in Hong Kong. Participants had anxiety and depressive problems and had received cognitive-behavioral treatment before they joined the mutual-aid groups in the organization. A three-wave design was adopted, and participants filled in measures including the General Health Questionnaire, the State Anxiety Inventory, the Centre of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the General Self-efficacy Scale, and the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey. Regression analyses showed that residualized self-efficacy was a strong predictor of the mental health variables. Effects of social support, both functional and structural, were mainly mediated by self-efficacy.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2000.28.5.413

Publication date: 2000-01-01

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