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DEVELOPMENT OF A CHINESE VERSION OF THE ZUCKERMAN-KUHLMAN PERSONALITY QUESTIONNAIRE: RELIABILITIES AND GENDER/AGE EFFECTS

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Abstract:

A five-factor model of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) was tried in a Chinese speaking area. Three hundred and thirty-three healthy subjects (217 women and 116 men) with a wide range of occupations attended this study and were divided into 5 age ranges. They were free of depression and answered with low dissimulation in ZKPQ. The principal component analysis detected 16 factors with eigenvalues larger than 1.5, the first 5 of which accounted for 21.0% of the variance. The five-factor solution analysis was, therefore, performed. The alpha internal reliabilities of the five personality scales ranged from 0.61 to 0.81. Sixty-one out of 89 items loaded larger than, or equal to, 0.3 on target factors. Scale scores were comparable to those reported in the United States, and the intercorrelations between five personality scales were lower. Gender and education level had little effect on the personality measures; the Impulsive Sensation Seeking declined with age only from 20 years on, in women. This study demonstrates the validity of the ZKPQ in Chinese culture.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2000.28.3.241

Publication date: January 1, 2000

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