THE PROTECTIVE STYLE QUESTIONNAIRE: SELFPROTECTIVE MECHANISMS AMONG STIGMATIZED ADOLESCENTS
Crocker and Major (1989) hypothesized three mechanisms by which members of stigmatized groups may protect self-esteem. The mechanisms are: a) ingroup social comparisons, b) valuing/devaluing performance selectively, and c) racial prejudice. We provide a test of Crocker and Major's hypothesized mechanisms with the development of the Protective Style Questionnaire which was administered to a sample of 78 African-American adolescents. Evidence of high internal consistency reliability (about .86) and factor loadings support the orthogonality of the three mechanisms. Results showed varying levels of endorsement of each mechanism.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1998-01-01
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