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Open Access THE DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A SELF-REPORT MEASURE OF SELF-ACTUALIZATION

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Abstract:

A self-report measure of actualization of potential (MAP) was developed as an alternative to the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) for assessing successful and functioning individuals. Study 1 describes the item selection carried out by means of a literature review, an international panel of 28 experts and two focus groups. In Study 2 construct validity was established with a sample of 414 subjects. A principal component analysis with oblique rotation reduced the initial item pool to 27, yielding a 5-factor solution. A second-order factor analysis revealed two major components, “self-reference” and “openness to experience”. Study 3 achieved a full scale Cronbach's alpha of .90. Overall the new instrument provides both better theoretical and empirical evidence than the POI, and stronger psychometric properties.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1997.25.4.353

Publication date: 1997-01-01

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