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CONCERN FOR SELF-PRESENTATION AND SELF-CONGRUENCE: SELF-MONITORING, MACHIAVELLIANISM, AND SOCIAL CONFLICTS

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It was predicted that high self-monitors experience self-presentational conflicts whereas low self-monitors experience self-congruence conflicts. It was also predicted that low self-monitors who were Machiavellian would experience self-presentational conflicts like their high self-monitoring counterparts. Participants read eight scenarios involving social conflicts in four different contexts and indicated which of two conflicts in each scenario they themselves would experience. Participants were then classified as high or low in self-monitoring and in Machiavellianism. Although there was an unexpected prevalence of self-congruence conflicts, the results were consistent with our hypotheses. Alternative explanations and future research directions are discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1994-01-01

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