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SOCIAL DISTANCE AMONG CAUCASIAN-CANADIANS AND ASIAN, LATIN-AMERICAN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN IMMIGRANTS IN QUEBEC: A TWO-PART STUDY

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Abstract:

Caucasian Canadians and Asian, Latin-American, and Eastern European immigrants (N=109) participated in a two-part study of inter-group social distance. In the first part, ANOVA showed that of the four groups, Asians reported the greatest social dist ance toward others, whereby they did not differentiate between the three out -groups. Next were the Latin-Americans who preferred Caucasian Canadians over Eastern Europeans and Asians. Eastern Europeans in turn felt closest to Caucasian Canadians and less close to Latin-Americans and Asians. Caucasian Canadians reported the smallest overall social distance; they did not differentiate between the three out-groups. As target group, Caucasian Canadians were more preferred than were Asians, Latin-Americans, and Eastern Europeans. The latter three groups in turn received greatest sympathetic understanding from Caucasian Canadians. In the second part, analyses of the data of the four groups combined indicated that individuals with limited education, low family income, and high authoritarianism perceived greater social distance between themselves and members of out-groups.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1994.22.3.297

Publication date: January 1, 1994

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