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THE EFECTS OF INGROUP-OUTGROUP MEMBERSHIP ON MINORITY INFLUENCE WHEN GROUP MEMBERSHIP IS DETERMINED BY A TRIVIAL CATEGORIZATION

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Abstract:

Two experiments are reported which investigate the influence of ingroup and outgroup minority influence where group membership was determined according to a trivial dimension. The results of the first experiment replicate an earlier study and show that an ingroup minority has significantly more influence than an outgroup minority. In the second study the connotations associated with membership of the ingroup and outgroup (positive/negative) were experimentally manipulated. When ingroup/outgroup membership was associated with a positive/negative image respectively, the ingroup minority had the most influence. However, when ingroup/outgroup membership was associated with a negative/positive image, as predicted, an outgroup minority had more influence than an ingroup minority. These results are interpreted as supporting an intergroup analysis of minority influence processes.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1992.20.3.131

Publication date: 1992-01-01

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