DOES GENDER MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE? COMMON-SENSE CONCEPTIONS OF INTELLIGENCE
This study examined the gender dependence of conceptions of intelligence: what kinds of gender stereotypes would emerge in identifications and descriptions of target persons, adults and pupils, whom the subjects knew personally and considered to be intelligent. Characteristics of an intelligent adult were rated by a sample of the general population (N = 152) and characteristics of an intelligent pupil by a group of parents (N = 69). It was found that the image of the intelligent person, whether adult or pupil, consists of many qualities. However, it was the cognitive one (i.e. problem-solving skills) that is seen as the essence of adult intelligence, whereas school success was regarded as the essential element of pupils intelligence. Traditional gender stereotypes appeared in the images of pupils' intelligence as cognitive skill differences favoring boys, and in the images of adult intelligence as social skill differences favoring women.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1992-01-01
More about this publication?
- The Journal's core purpose is scientific communication in the disciplines of Social Psychology, Developmental and Personality Psychology
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Terms & Conditions
- Contact the Publisher
- Manuscript Guidelines
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites