One hundred and forty-nine 5th-grade boys and girls were administered a set of social schemata figures, including both dyad and family configurations in a variation of Kuethe's Felt Figure Replacement Technique. They were also asked to draw a Kinetic Family Drawing. The hypothesis
that accepted children will place and draw themselves closer to other figures than will rejected children was not supported. The data did, however, indicate that acceptance-rejection is a more crucial factor for girls than for boys. A puzzling finding in the KFD was analyzed. The hypothesis
that girls place and draw themselves closer to other figures than do boys was supported, but only for the accepted group, not for the rejected group. The data wre compared to those from research involving aggressive and nonaggressive boys. It is apparent that peer acceptance-rejection is not
equivalent to peer aggression-nonaggression.