Research on the relationship between self-monitoring and locus of control has consistently shown low correlations. This study examined social cognitive orientations of high and low self-monitors having either an external or infernal locus of control through analysis of their social
interaction patterns. The low correlation between self-monitoring and locus of control was upheld while consistent differences emerged between the four groups. High self-monitors who were external maintained a wide range of numerous contacts while high and low internals preferred a moderate
level of intimate or task related contacts. Low self-monitoring externals clearly maintained a restricted and unsatisfying range of contacts. The results were interpreted as evidencing motivational differences important for the understanding of the relationship between the two constructs.