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SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS, SELF-REPORTED ALTRUISM, AND HELPING BEHAVIOUR

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Abstract:

Female subjects who differed in public and private self-consciousness and in self-reported altruism were afforded an opportunity to assist a person in need. As anticipated, subjects high in private selfconsciousness provided more assistance to the recipient than did subjects low on this attribute. However, there was a tendency for “high private” subjects to be somewhat less helpful if they were also high in public self-consciousness. Internal analyses revealed that Self-reported Altruism, a measure of one's altruistic inclinations, reliably predicted the helping behavior of subjects high in private self-consciousness, but did not predict the prosocial actions of those low in private self-consciousness. The implications of these findings for self-consciousness theory and the issue of value-behavior correspondence are discussed.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1986.14.2.215

Publication date: January 1, 1986

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