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THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL CLASS DIFFERENCES ON THE SELF-CONCEPTS OF SOME NIGERIAN ADOLESCENTS

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Abstract:

A purpose-built Semantic Differential Scale was administered to 372 adolescents. One hundred and eighteen of them came from middle class homes while two hundred and fifty four came from lower socioeconomic homes. There were two hundred and sixty four boys, and one hundred and eight girls. Their mean age was 16.7 years. The results showed that adolescents from middle class homes had more significantly positive self-concepts than those from lower class homes. The lower class adolescents had more positive self-concepts than their counterparts on only the religious – non-religious scale (p < .001). The observed differences were discussed. It was suggested that concerted effort should be made in homes and schools to enhance the self-concepts of adolescents, particularly those from low socio-economic status groups.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1986.14.2.171

Publication date: January 1, 1986

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